About 550 baboons live on the Cape Peninsula in 16 troops.
Trained baboon field rangers manage 10 troops comprising about 394 baboons. The remaining baboons are found primarily in the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve.
The management of baboon troops on the Cape Peninsula is joint undertaking of the City of Cape Town, South African National Parks (SANParks), SA Navy and CapeNature who are known collectively as the Baboon Technical Team (BTT).
Tokai troop, Zwaanswyk troop, Mountain troop and the Constantia troop
Smitswinkel Bay troop, Waterfall troop and two Da Gama troops
Groot Olifantsbos troop, Misty Cliffs and the Slangkop troop
- Rangers are employed to ensure that baboons in the 11 managed troops are kept out of suburbs that lie on the fringes of each troop’s range.
- The rangers carry paint ball markers and two rangers and a supervisor manage each troop. Rangers are on duty from sunrise to sunset.
- Early each morning the ranger will locate the troop. If they are out of town, the ranger will hold a line between the troop and town.
- If a troop has spent the night in town, the ranger will herd it out. If the troop doesn’t respond to the paintball markers the ranger may use a ‘bearbanger’, a small flare that makes a loud noise in the sky for a few seconds after firing.
- Baboons may also be ear-tagged and some are fitted with very high frequency (VHF) radio-collars. These VHF radio tracking pulse collars emit a beep every second and using radio telemetry, rangers know the exact location of the baboons at any time. The collar allows rangers to anticipate the movement of the baboons and if necessary, cut them off before they reach town.